http://www.ntnu.no/gemini/2006-01e/bilder/medicine1
By: Greg Stern and Ryan Otis
A N I M A L

T E S T I N G
Animal Testing: A Reliable Research?
Introduction
Animal experimentation is self explanatory as it refers to the use of animals in tests. For a long time, animals have been used in experiments. The use of animals in experiments is not without thought. They are used for many various types of research including pure research such as genetics, developmental biology, behavioral studies and applied research such as biomedical research, xenotransplantation, drug testing, toxicology and cosmetic tests (“Animal Testing” on Wikipedia, February 25, 2008). They are also used to test on education, breeding, and defense research (BBC, Science and Nature, August 17, 2004). Animals are used not only to discover more about themselves but, to test the safety of substances and procedures before humans are able to access them, as well as developing new medicines and vaccines (Animal Experimentation: Debatabase, June 28, 2000). In fact, British law requires that a new product or drug must be tested on two mammals of different species says BBC, Science and Nature (2008). However, this does not mean animals can be used endlessly, as the Animal Act of 1986 says that no test can be done, if there’s an alternative. According to “Animal Testing” on Wikipedia (2008), research is usually conducted inside universities, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, farms, defense establishments, and commercial facilities that provide animal testing services to the industry. The goal of this research project is to present both sides of this controversy and to present an in-depth research on all aspects of this issue.