Distributed Robotics: An Intelligent System
Malcolm Stagg
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  • [1]Aderogba, S. and Shirkhodaie, A. Sensor Based Terrain Guidance of Distributed Cooperative Mobile Robots. Proceedings of the IEEE Southeastcon, 2000. [Online]. Pp. 217-222, 2000. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/6808/18269/00845567.pdf
  • [2]Baretto, G. et al. A Distributed Robotic Control System Based on a Temporal Self-Organizing Neural Network. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part C. [Online]. Pp. 346-357, 2002. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/5326/26422/01176884.pdf
  • [3]Baker, J. et al. CMOS - Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation. New York: IEEE Press, 1998.
  • [4]Billard, A. and Ijspeert, A. Biologically Inspired Neural Controllers for Motor Control in a Quadruped Robot. Proceedings of the IEEE-INNS-ENNS International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2000. [Online] Pp. 637-641, 2000. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/6927/18647/00859467.pdf
  • [5]Cassinis, R. et al. Strategies for Navigation of Robot Swarms to be used in Landmines Detection. Advanced Mobile Robots, 1999. [Online]. Pp. 211-218, 1999. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/6694/17915/00827642.pdf
  • [6]Digney, B. and Gupta, M. A Distributed Adaptive Control System for a Quadruped Mobile Robot. IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks, 1993. [Online]. Pp. 144-149, 1993. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel3/1059/7404/00298516.pdf
  • [7]Estrada, F et al. Local Features Tutorial. [Online]. Available: www.cs.toronto.edu/~jepson/csc2503/tutSIFT04.pdf
  • [8]Haykin, S. Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation. (2nd Ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. 1999.
  • [9]Hokelek, I. et al. Dynamic Survivable Resource Pooling in FPGA-based Distributed Robotics System. ICNSC '06. Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control. [Online]. Pp. 101-106, 2006. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/11076/35110/01673125.pdf
  • [10]Ito, H. et al. Intelligent Mobile Robot. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks, 1995. [Online]. Pp. 2699-2701, 1995. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel2/3505/10435/00487838.pdf
  • [11]Jackson, G. et al. Pulse Stream VLSI Neural Systems: Into Robotics. ISCAS '94., 1994 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. [Online]. Pp. 375-378, 1994. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel2/3224/9174/00409604.pdf
  • [12]Janét, J. et al. Using Control Networks for Distributed Robotic Systems. Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation. [Online]. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/6243/16780/00772515.pdf
  • [13]Kolen, J. F. and Kremer, S. C. Dynamic Recurrent Networks. New York: IEEE Press. 2001.
  • [14]Levinson, S. et al. Automatic Language Acquisition by an Autonomous Robot. Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2003. [Online]. Pp. 2716-2721, 2003. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/8672/27487/01223997.pdf
  • [15]Lowe, D. G. Distinctive Image Features from Scale-Invariant Keypoints. International Journal of Computer Vision. [Online]. Pp. 91-110, 2004. Available: http://cs.ubc.ca/~lowe/papers/ijcv04.pdf
  • [16]Parker, L. Task-Oriented Multi-Robot Learning in Behavior-Based Systems. Proceedings IROS 96. [Online] Pp. 1478-1487, 1996. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel3/4292/12373/00569009.pdf
  • [17]Mead, C. A. and Conway, L. Introduction to VLSI Systems. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. 1980.
  • [18]Minsky, M. and Papert, S. Perceptrons: An Introduction to Computational Geometry. Massechusetts: MIT Press. 1969.
  • [19]Rao, M. A. and Srinivas, J. Neural Networks: Algorithms and Applications. England: Alpha Science. 2003.
  • [20]Rybski, P. et al. Performance of a Distributed Robotics System Using Shared Communication Channels. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. [Online]. Pp. 713-727, 2002. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/70/22928/01067993.pdf
  • [21]Soucek, B. Neural and Intelligent Systems Integration. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1991.
  • [22]Stagg, Malcolm. A Dynamic Analog Concurrently-Processed Adaptive Chip. 2006.
  • [23]Stagg, Malcolm. VORTECS 3D: VLSI Object Recognition Trainable Embedded CMOS System. 2005.
  • [24]ST Microelectronics. VS6650: 1 Megapixel SMIA Camera Module. [Online]. Available: http://www.chipcatalog.com/ST/VS6650.htm
  • [25]Wang, J. and Premvuti, S. Resource Sharing in Distributed Robotic Systems Based On A Wireless Medium Access Protocol (CSMNCD-W). Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ/GI International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems '94. 'Advanced Robotic Systems and the Real World', IROS '94. [Online]. Pp. 784-791, 1994. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel2/3221/9157/00407549.pdf
  • [26]Wang, J. On Sign-board Based Inter-Robot Communication in Distributed Robotic Systems. Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. [Online]. Pp. 1045-1050 vol. 2, 1994. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel2/941/8081/00351219.pdf

Image Credits

  • 1)Neuron picture used in background:
    Peter Clevestig - http://www.dez3d.com
  • 2)(Fig. 1) An existing system of distributed robotics:
    Autonomous Systems Lab, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems - "Alice" robots
  • 3)(Fig. 2) Diagram of a Backpropagation Neural Network:
    Copied from Government web site:
    (USGS-authored or produced data and information are in the public domain)
  • 4)(Fig. 3) SIFT generation of a keypoint descriptor:
    David Lowe (see reference 15)
  • 5)(Fig. 5) VS6650 SMIA Camera:
    ST Microelectronics (see reference 24)
  • 6)(Fig. 14) Scout robot:
    Center for Distributed Robotics, University of Minnesota - "Scout" image
  • 7) (Fig 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13) All other images have been created by Malcolm Stagg

All wikipedia uploaded images are under:
  • GNU Documentation Free License
  • Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike license version 2.5


I would like to thank my mother, Vicki Stagg, for all of her help and support, as well as my brother, Andrew Stagg, for his help and support. I would also like to thank Laura Neilsen of Alberta Printed Circuits for providing a discount on circuit boards, and John Carney of Cadence Design Systems for providing a trial license for Cadence Layout.

Copyright © Malcolm Stagg 2007. All rights reserved.
Website: http://www.virtualsciencefair.org/2007/stag7m2/
Email: malcolmst@shaw.ca