THE DARK SIDE OF CELLS









 

 

ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

 

 


This is a brain of an Alzheimer's patient

 

     What is Alzheimer's disease?


    What is the role of the cell in Alzheimer's disease patients?





Sources:
Gold, Susan.  Alzheimer's Disease
United States of America: Siver Burdett Press, 1996.

Peterson, Ronald (Ed.) . MayoClinic on Alzheimer's Disease.
Minnesota:  Mayo Foundation for Medical Education, 2002.



 







Epilepsy

This is a picture of a healthy Nerve cell.

 

What is Epilepsy?

-    Epilepsy is a brain condition characterized by seizures that occur again and again.
-    Epilepsy is not; a disease, contagious, or a psychological disorder.
-    Epilepsy is a seizure disorder.
-    It is a common chronic neurological disorder, and often begins in childhood.

What Creates Seizures?

-    A sudden excessive electrical discharge that disrupts the normal activity of the nerve cell.
-    A change in a persons function or behavior may result, this change is a seizure.

What Are the Different Types of Seizures That Can Occur?

-       There are two categories of seizures:  Partial and Generalized.

1)     PARTIAL SEIZURES:
      ~ Simple Partial - Person is aware and may involve sensory, motor, or autonomic symptoms.
      ~ Complex Partial - Person experiences changes in awareness, and often feels confused.


2)     GENERALIZED SEIZURES:
      ~ Absence - Person stares blankly for ten seconds and then continues as if nothing happened. This involves the whole brain.
      ~ Tonic Clonic - Usually involves jerking movements throughout the whole body.  This can involve part or all of the brain.
      ~ Atonic - Involves person falling suddenly to the ground.  This involves the whole brain.
      ~ Myoclonic - This is a sudden jerk of one part of the body.  This also involves the whole brain.

 

 

Sources: 
Edmonton Epilepsy Association.  "Epilepsy:  A Guide For Parents".  Canada: Edmonton Epilepsy Association, 2003.


Edmonton Epilepsy Association.  "Epilepsy:  A Guide For Teachers".  CanadaEdmonton Epilepsy Association, 2003.

 



 

 

 

Parkinson's Disease

 

 

 

 

 


What is Parkinson’s Disease?

 

-    When cells that produce dopamine die it is called Parkinson’s disease.
-    Parkinson’s Disease is called a neuro-degenerated disease.
-    There is currently no cure.
-    Many research projects underway.
-    Parkinson’s Disease progresses at a different rate in each person. 

What are the most common Symptoms?

-    Most common symptoms are tremor, slowness, stiffness, impaired balance and rigidity of the muscles.
-    Other symptoms are fatigue, soft speech, writing problems, stooped posture, constipation and sleep disturbance.

What can people do to ease these symptoms?

-    Exercise every day.
-    See a physiotherapist for stretches and exercises that are right for you.
-    Eat properly.
-    Keep informed on what you have.
-    Join a support group.
-    Continue doing what makes you happy.
-    Talk to your physician about when and what type of medication you can take.

 

 

Sources:
Parkinson Society
Canada.  "Parkinson's:  What You Need to Know About the Medication You Take".  CanadaSaskatchewan Parkinson's Disease Foundation, 2002.

Parkinson’s Society Canada.  "Parkinson's:  The Facts".  CanadaSaskatchewan Parkinson's Disease Foundation, 2002.