Types of Fingerprints

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There are three main types of fingerprints: visible prints, latent prints and impressed prints.
 

    Visible prints are also called patent prints and are left in some medium, like blood, that reveals them to the naked eye. They can be when blood, dirt, ink or grease on the finger come into contact with a smooth surface and leave a friction ridge impression that is visible without development.

      Latent prints are not apparent to the naked eye. They are formed from the sweat from sebaceous glands on the body or water, salt, amino acids and oils contained in sweat. The sweat and fluids create prints must be developed before they can be seen or photographed. They can be made sufficiently visible by dusting, fuming or chemical reagents.

      Impressed prints are also called plastic prints and are indentations left in soft pliable surfaces, such as clay, wax, paint or another surface that will take the impression. They are visible and can be viewed or photographed without development.

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Ridge Characteristics
Developing Powders
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Developing Reagent Details
Lifting Techniques
Fingerprint Identification
Unusual Fingerprints
History of Fingerprinting
Body Prints
Animal Fingerprints
DNA Fingerprinting
Trace Evidence
Forensic Science
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